Wiki - Cave occupation discuss

Here's the previous version, which is more of a precis

Previous version - more of a precis

Following approximately 2700 years use as a burial chamber, the Barranc del Migdía cave had a new human use. However, the few archaeological ceramic fragments recovered so far show that this new use was unimportant and of short duration.

The fragments consist of typical Roman ceramics from the 3rd-4th centuries, probably from the Imperial period, found also in other Roman sites on the eastern part of the Montgó. Perhaps these settlements, of short ocupation, situated on the steep slopes of the Montgó and unsuitable for agricultural use were used for livestock farming, almost certainly goat pasturing, an activity documented in the area until last century. It is reasonable to assume that the cova del Barranc del Migdia had a similar use.

Then, for almost 1000 years the cave remained inhabited until the end of the Andalusian (Moorish) era and a few years before the feudal conquest of the Jávea valley in 1244. It is possible also that the recent findings are directly related to the Catalan and Aragonese conquest. This would also explain the set of coins found inside the dark tunnel leading to the paintings chamber, where they might have been hidden before the conquest.

The coins, currently displayed in the Museum, consist of 10 square silver dirhams, found by chance at the end of the last century. Two were identified by Carolina Domenech as coined in Murcia and Fez. They show Arab writing in italic, and contain diacritical, religious marks.

As the coins show no historical references, they could only be chronologically dated to mid 12th century, the time of the Almohad dynasty in the Iberian peninsula.
As well as the coins, a green-turquoise glazed ceramic jar and three fragments of another smaller ceramic jar, with incised decorations, were found in the paintings chamber and could be dated, like the coins, to between the 12th and the 13th centuries.

This was precisely the time when Javea's population increased and various agricultural settlements were created in the area, particularly in greener and fertile pastures, but also in more rugged areas like the Plana Justa and the Montgó. Perhaps the coins were hidden in the cave by shepherds who knew well the secluded corners of the Montgó…

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